Estructura / Spain 1920-2000 / Nazario

Nazario Luque (Castillejo del Campo, Seville, 1944) is considered one of the fathers of the Spanish comic underground, as well as a key figure in Barcelona’s counterculture and gay and freedom movements of the seventies. Trained as a teacher, Nazario settled in Barcelona in 1972 where he founded, together with Mariscal and the Farriol brothers, the Grupo El Rrollo, which later expanded with other artists such as Francesc Capdevila (Max), Antonio Pamiès, Roger Subirachs, Javier Ballester Guillén (Montesol) and María Luisa Barraquer (Isa).

In 1973 the group self-published El Rrollo enmascarado, considered the first Spanish underground comic, followed by a host of others (Catalina, Pauperrimus Comix, Diploma d’honor, De Quommic). In 1975, with the backing of the publishing house Madrágora, they published Purita, which had contributions from the Madrid-born artists Ceesepe and Santana, and, in 1976, Nasti de plasti.

In 1975 Nazario self-published La piraña divina, in which he compiled all his most irreverent stories and for which he suffered police persecution, to such an extent that he had to leave Barcelona for a period. Around the same time he also published San Reprimonio y las pirañas, and in 1978, the character that was to firmly establish Nazario as a key name in the Spanish and international comic world emerged: Anarcoma, a transvestite detective who rose to fame from the pages of El Víbora.

The Nazario collection of Archivo Lafuente brings together roughly 1,500 items including photographs, magazines, posters, printed matter, catalogues, audiovisual material and original works. In addition to his own life and creation, said items document the life of figures such as Ocaña, the Jornadas Libertarias of 1977 and the festival Canet Rock (1975, 1976, 1977), among others.

 



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