Estructura / Spain 1920-2000 / MARISCAL

Javier Mariscal was born in Valencia in 1950. At the beginning of the seventies he moved on to Barcelona in order to study graphic design at Escuela Elisava, but he soon left the school to follow his own intuitions and gave his first steps in the world of the comic underground taking part in magazines such as El Rrollo enmascarado or Star. His travelling companions were Nazario, Ceesepe, Farry, Pepichek..., living with some of them in an artistic commune on Comercio street. The release of Nazario’s La piraña divina caused police persecution of the group, so Mariscal ran away to Ibiza with Farriol brothers. There they lived together with Montesol and Onliyú and took part in Nasti de plasti (1976). His most renowned creations of that period are undoubtedly the Garriris cartoons that where published in emblematic magazines of the moment such as El Rrollo enmascarado, Star, El Víbora or El Cairo.

Specialized critics consider Mariscal work of this period as a unique case in what has been called the boom of the Spanish comic underground because his language mixes naïf and acidic irony in a risky and powerful innovative and communicative way.

During the eighties, Mariscal gradually abandoned comic to focus on design, painting, sculpture and projects related to image, working on advertising campaigns, furniture design, signage and interior design, creating branding for companies, political parties, institutions, hotels, etc. In 1989 he founded Estudio Mariscal and Cobi, a creation of his, was selected as mascot for the Olympic Games of Barcelona 1992. He reached fame and international presence, exhibiting at the Centre Georges Pompidou, ARCO fair, Documenta or Salone del Mobile di Milano, designing covers of The New Yorker, or having retrospective exhibitions at the Design Museum in London or La Pedrera (Barcelona).

In 2010 he created together with Fernando Trueba the animated film Chico and Rita, awarded with several prizes in Best Animated Feature Film category —Goya 2010 or European Film Award 2011. Among the numerous awards Mariscal has won along his career stands out the Spanish National Design Prize 1999 and Gràffica Prize 2016.

The Mariscal fond holds more than 300 items being the original works the bulk of the collection, though there are also correspondence —with Miguel Farriol, Roger e Isa…, cards, flyers, objects, invitation cards, brochures, artist books (e.g., Metrópolis 1983), graphic work… Among the original works are drawings of the Garriris such as Michelín y Los Garriris, Bibendum & Les Garriris dans Panique à Futuropolis or Los Garriris presentan Este verano te vas a enamorar.




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