Estructura / Latin America 1920-2000 / The Avant-garde and Modernism in Latin America

Between the late nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century, modernity and the avant-garde found means of expression all over Latin America in both the field of literature and publishing (books, magazines, pamphlets, manifestos, etc.) and the plastic arts. It was during this period that the Latin American literary and artistic world confronted the predominance of the modernism passed down by Rubén Darío and the century’s political, economic and social transformations.

This collection is comprised of some 2,500 items, among which first editions of books and complete collections of magazines are particularly notable, although it also contains original works, photographs, handwritten texts and correspondence by some of the most important and influential artists of the Latin American artistic and literary avant-garde.

Within the collection, items related to Argentina are the most extensive with diverse documents related to artists such as Oliverio Girondo, Jorge Luis Borges, Bioy Casares, Alejandra Pizarnik, Ricardo E. Molinari and Xul Solar. It also holds complete collections of iconic magazines, such as La Campana de Palo and Proa, in addition to the archives of Martín Fierro, which hold printed matter, manifestos and correspondence by its members.

The collection also boasts publications, full magazine collections and diverse material by artists and initiatives from almost all the Latin American countries: Chile (Huidobro), Peru (Alberto Hidalgo, Vallejo, etc.), Mexico (the Stridentist movement, Octavio Paz, etc.), Brazil, Uruguay, Cuba, Colombia, Ecuador, etc.




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