Estructura / International Art 1900-1945 / Central European Avant-Garde

The period starting in the late nineteenth century until the first few decades of the twentieth century in Europe was a time of particular upheaval in that it represented a new historical cycle characterised by the First World War and its repercussions, the Russian Revolution, the fall of former empires such as the Turkish, German, Russian and the Austro-Hungarian, the emergence of new political and territorial entities and, in the field of art, the advent of new languages that were at odds with long-standing concepts of beauty and were adept at expressing this changing reality.

Paris, Amsterdam, Vienna... as well as the urban areas of the rising and later defeated Germany (Berlin, Munich, Potsdam, Leipzig, Stuttgart and Dresden, among others) were the laboratories in which new ideas based on expressive transformation and change (cubism, expressionism, etc.) were developed through books, magazines, manifestos and an array of printed matter.

Although this Archivo Lafuente collection is small, it is of great importance, bringing together just over 50 documents (books, magazines and catalogues) published during the period of 1902 to 1932, which for different reasons (subject, nature, etc.) do not belong to other Archivo Lafuente collections related to the European avant-garde in the first half of the twentieth century.

Some of the most important documents in the collection include the poem ‘Un coup de dés jamais n’abolira le hazard’ (Cosmopolis magazine, Paris, 1897), by Mallarmé; the Dutch art and architecture magazine Wendingen (Amsterdam, 1918–1932); the catalogue Die Brücke: Ausstellung Der Künstlergruppe Brücke in Galerie Commeter Hamburg Hermannstrasse (Oldenburg, 1912), by the Die Brücke group; the books Der blaue Reiter (Munich, 1912), by Kandinsky and Franz Marc; La prose du Transsibérien et de la petite Jehanne de France (1913), by Blaise Cendrars and Sonia Delaunay; Über das Geistige in der Kunst (Munich, 1912), by Kandinsky; Des canons, des munitions? Merci! Des logis... s. v. p. (Paris, 1937), by Le Corbusier; and Rotoreliefs (1935), by Duchamp.




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