COLLECTION / 1900-1945 / Spain / Spanish Civil War and Exile

500 works of art, publications and documents.

The time of the Second Spanish Republic and Republican exile are the subject of a broadly-themed Archivo Lafuente collection, a selection of which was shown at the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía in the rooms devoted to the Pavilion of the Spanish Republic at the 1937 Paris Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne, as part of its exhibition on the thirties (2012–2013).

The documentary materials that this themed collection brings together are of a remarkably varied in nature. Diverse documentation charts the Spanish art scene during the Republic, in which very active groups with links to the international scene stood out.

With the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, opposition to it manifested in the form of magazines published either by the Republicans themselves or in favour of them, such as Nueva cultura. Información crítica y orientación intelectual (Valencia, 1935–1937), in addition to numerous books and essays published abroad in support of the Republican cause.

The archive also holds a large series of photomontages by John Heartfield: either published in left-wing magazines from the time, such as Die Volks-Illustrierte, or published in series, such as Fremdenlegionäre fern vom Schuss, in which Heartfield offered acerbic criticism of the role played by the international press in the Spanish conflict.

The cubist figuration albums of the illustrator and typographer Helios Gómez—such as the famous Días de ira—are also included in the collection. Archivo Lafuente brings together a vast amount of documentation published from exile, including books and complete series of magazines linked to the Republican diaspora, such as Nuestra España (Havana, 1939–1941) and España peregrina (Mexico, 1940).

 



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