Encounters with the 1930s
Manuel Borja-Villel, Jordana Mendelson, Rosario Peiró
This exhibition focused on artistic production in 1930s Spain, a turbulent period in which art and power both combined and clashed in a climate of major political and social confrontation. Addressing the notion of encounter from a thematic standpoint, the exhibition analyzed how artistic creation was influenced by symbolic and geographical displacements made by the period's artists, either voluntarily or by force. It set out to show how these displacements led to a rethinking of the esthetic postulates inherited from the avant-gardes, as well as to discursive and narrative strategies that have survived to the present day. At the same time, the exhibition put forward a critical reflection on the use that these artists made of the mass media, while exploring the tensions and relationships they maintained with the contexts – political, cultural and institutional – in which they worked.
Artists: Alberto (Alberto Sánchez Pérez), Jean Arp, Aurelio Arteta, Willi Baumeister, André Breton, Luis Buñuel, Alexander Calder, M.A. Cassanyes, Pere Català Pic, Salvador Dalí, Óscar Domínguez, Andreas Feininger, Ángel Ferrant, George Grosz (Georg Ehrenfried), John Heartfield , Vasily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Man Ray (Emmanuel Radnitzky), Roberto Matta Echaurren, Joan Miró, Lucia Moholy, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Piet Mondrian, Francis Picabia, Pablo Picasso (Pablo Ruiz Picasso), Ramón Puyol, Josep Renau, Aleksandr Ródchenko, Kurt Schwitters, Ramón J. Sender, Wladyslaw Strzeminski, Sophie Taeuber-Arp , Yves Tanguy, Josep de Togores, Joaquín Torres García, Eduardo Westerdahl.